Fortunately, most of the time a slip and fall accident results in nothing more than minor bruises or soreness. There may be an initial bout of embarrassment or even amusement, yet generally speaking, those who fall at an establishment are often able to immediately proceed with the normal functions of their day. This is not the case however, when the slip and fall results in a serious or traumatic brain injury to a victim. In fact, slip and fall accidents are the leading cause of brain injuries in America.
A brain injury can result from either the impact of hitting your head on the floor, or crashing into another object on the way down. The damage to the brain can range from very moderate, such as a concussion, to very severe, such as a hematoma or skull fracture. Sometimes, the effects of a brain injury are not even felt until years later, as studies suggest that they can lead to dementia or Alzheimer’s Disease later in life. Therefore, it is crucial that a brain injury is immediately diagnosed. Symptoms to look for after hitting your head include:
Although these are some of the signs of a brain injury from a slip and fall accident, it is completely possible to suffer serious brain injuries without any signs or symptoms. It is crucial to receive an immediate medical evaluation after any trauma to the brain.
Slip and fall accidents can happen for a number of reasons. Many times though a slip and fall brain injury occurs as a result of a property owner’s failure to keep a safe environment or adhere to safety procedures. Instances that will place the blame on a property owner are:
Slippery surfaces – if a store, restaurant ,warehouse or other public facility knew or should have known about a slippery substance on the floor and fail to clean it, they will be at fault for the fall.
Failure to fix – slip and fall accidents can occur from defective surroundings. We’ve all seen them around us. Cracks in the floor, protruding rods, or uneven carpeting. The owner’s of these premises are at fault for accidents that occur as a result of their failure to fix these.
Stairs – people can fall from poorly maintained stairs. These fall often result in the most egregious injuries, as they are elevated and pose a greater level of trauma.
Building code violations – building codes are put into place for a reason. They are intended to keep people safe and the breakdown of these codes indicates that the property owner or manager is strictly liable for your injuries.
The amount of force that results from a slip, trip and fall heavily influences the type of brain damage. Although even serious injuries can occur from even mild trauma, generally the more severe types of injuries are reserved for more serious types of falls. Brain damage falls into 2 categories: Primary brain damage is an injury that is complete at the point of impact. Primary brain damage include:
Skull fractures – any breakage or fracture of the skull
Contusion or Bruises – bruise of the brain tissue. Also called a celebral contusion, it could result in blood vessel leaks into the brain tissue.
Hematoma – a hematoma is like a blood clot in the brain. When a blood vessel wall, artery, vein or capillary is damaged, and blood flows into the brain, a hematoma occurs.
Laceration – as the word would imply, a brain laceration or cerebral laceration is a tearing or cutting of the tissue of the brain.
Nerve damage – head trauma can damage nerve cells in the brain. This often hinders the brains ability to communicate body functions, resulting in: paralysis of facial muscles, inability to move eye muscles, loss of smell, vision or facial sensation, or inability to swallow.
Sometimes, cranial trauma will result in injuries that progress over time, which is known as secondary brain damage. These include:
If a slip and fall accident has resulted in a brain injury, you need to protect your rights. Downtown L.A. Law Group understands the intricacies involved with slip and fall accidents that result in all types of traumatic brain injuries. Please call today to immediately get in touch with a skilled advocate of your rights.